Learning to fish for trout


One would think there’s no shortage of literature for learning trout fly fishing by yourself. If you think so, you can’t have been more wrong. With literally hundreds of websites and books dedicated to fly fishing for trout, the novice angler could easily get overwhelmed. The confusing jumble of information could even discourage you, but I believe these are just some of the more essential things you need to remember. While some anglers can make do with a simple three-weight rod-and-reel setup, polarized sunglasses, a hat and a box of flies, there are some things to be considered in even the most basic gear for this activity.



You can’t fly fish for trout without the proper type of equipment.


Depending on what you want to do, your equipment will vary according to your specific application. The rod needed for fishing in larger lakes or streams will be different from what is suitable for angling in smaller bodies of water. You can choose from high-modulus Graphite rods, which are perfect for beginners as well as seasoned fishers, and older style fiberglass rods, which have a higher overall diameter.

Generally, beginners work better with fast action rods, which are considered stiff because of how they only bend in the last third segment of their length. Fast action poles offer more casting power, which results in greater casting distance. Make sure to use proper technique when landing fish, as this type of rod is susceptible to breaking near the tip. Medium action rods bend near the middle, while slow action models can prove to be hard to manage when casting long distances because of their ‘whippy’ design.



Manufacturers of fly fishing rods design their products to cast specific line weights for optimal results. For smaller fish, 2, 3 and 4 weight rods are ideal, while 5 and 6 weight rods are general purpose tools. 7 and larger rod weights are made for catching salmon, steelhead and other heavy fish or for long distance casting. If you plan on fishing in small lakes, rivers or streams, a general purpose 5-weight rod should serve your purpose well enough.

Fly fishing rod lengths vary from 7 to more than 10 feet, with most manufacturers making their products in the 9-foot range. When casting short distances in tight spaces, choose short rods, which have a lightweight design. Long distance casting works better with longer rods. Some fly fishing rods come in multiple-piece designs that enable effortless assembly and disassembly for convenient transport and storage.



Basic fly fishing techniques for trout


When fly fishing for trout, you should stalk the fish while staying low. Fish in areas between fast and slow moving water, as trout is likely to be resting in such waters, frequently swimming into the current for a meal. Whenever possible, try to achieve a natural drift or presentation of the fly by getting in a good position. You want a drag-free presentation for nymphs, dries and floaters.

A wet fly is ideally swung by casting across and downstream. For fly fishing nymphs, even when it’s necessary to add a split shot, try to get the fly down in the water. Fishing with nymphs makes dry fly fishing fun, but remember that 80 percent of the trout’s diet lies below the surface of the water.


Maintain hook sharpness. Every five or six casts, examine the tippet and fly for any signs of wind knots, which tend to weaken the line. As a rule of thumb, summer fly fishing will need lighter color flies, while fishing in the spring and autumn will need the use of darker color flies. Learn to cast a fly fishing rod without losing your flies. Wild trout should be released back to the water properly to give them a better chance of survival. Furthermore, dispose of trash properly.



How to dress up for fly fishing



Upon taking up fly fishing, few anglers give too much thought to how they are supposed to dress. Most of the fishermen focus on useful equipment that might come in handy at some point or the other, but the fact of the matter is that protection from the elements and the sun is often times even more important than having anything else at hand.

Appropriate clothing depends on the season you’ll be doing your fly fishing in. While typically, this technique is performed from late spring to fall, there are people who do it all throughout the year. Whether you intend to focus on the climate or season you’ll be doing your fly fishing outing, it really boils down to what you can wear that can keep you both comfortable and cool. Wearing sunscreen, a hat, as well as a good pair of polarized sunglasses is also a good idea.

Regardless of whether you will be fishing during the summer or not, you have to be prepared for rain. Insulated rain gear is available at a wide range of online retailers, so be sure to check some of the options out before risking to make the wrong decision. Perhaps you’d prefer using a nice pair of waders instead of buying shorts, pants, and a wading shoe or boot separately. Do keep in mind that waders can sometimes keep you just a bit too warm, especially if they have been constructed out of a synthetic material that won’t feel particularly natural on your skin.

Interior clothing is also rather important, as you will have to decide on the type of sweater, socks, or underwear that you will be wearing. Whatever you will end up choosing, you need to be aware of the fact that jeans should be off-limits as they often time restrict your movement, and even more so if you plan to wear them inside the waders. Sweatpants and khakis are a good choice if you intend to keep your body temperature at an optimum level even when it is cold outside.

Getting a good fly fishing vest isn’t all that difficult provided that you take the time to read some of the user reviews garnered by most popular items available for sale out there. The length of the vest, as well as the number of pockets or compartments it comes with, are two of the core considerations you have to look at. In fact, the main purpose of a fly fishing vest is keeping your tools and accessories at hand, so that you can store items such as weights, floatants, clippers, and flies as conveniently as possible. Most fly fishing vests that you’ll come across can be categorized depending on the material that has been utilized in their construction. Opting for mesh or fabric is sometimes a matter of personal preferences, although mesh is usually recommended for hot summer days when you’re likely to sweat.

A fly fishing hat is another core item you’ll need in order to remain comfortable all throughout the experience. The design of such an apparel item might differ from one product to the next, but what’s extremely important in all cases is that it should keep the sun out of your eyes and offers enough protection. Larger is typically better as the model will cover a wider area, including parts of your neck. A factor to concentrate on when choosing a good-quality hat is proper ventilation.